Still Confused?

Try reviewing these fundamentals first

Still Confused?

Try reviewing these fundamentals first

Nope, got it.

That's the last lesson

Start now and get better maths marks!

Get Started NowStart now and get better maths marks!

Get Started NowStart now and get better maths marks!

Get Started NowStart now and get better maths marks!

Get Started Now- Intro Lesson: a7:19
- Intro Lesson: b3:35
- Intro Lesson: c3:52
- Lesson: 1a2:41
- Lesson: 1b1:58
- Lesson: 2a9:13
- Lesson: 2b6:53
- Lesson: 2c13:23

In this lesson, we will learn:

- Meaning of elastic and inelastic collisions
- What happens to kinetic energy in a collision?
- Understanding perfectly inelastic collisions
- Problem solving with elastic and inelastic collisions

- Total momentum and total energy are conserved in collisions. However, kinetic energy is not always conserved, since it can be converted into other forms of energy.
__Elastic collision:__collision where no kinetic energy is lost__Inelastic collision:__collision where part of the kinetic energy is converted to other forms of energy__Perfectly inelastic collision:__collision where the maximum possible amount of kinetic energy is converted to other forms of energy; objects stick together.

**Conservation of Momentum**

$\sum\vec{p}_i = \sum\vec{p}_f$

$\vec{p}_i:$ initial momentum, in kilogram meters per second (kg·m/s)

$\vec{p}_f:$ final momentum, in kilogram meters per second (kg·m/s)

**Conservation of Energy**

$\sum\vec{E}_i = \sum\vec{E}_f$

$\vec{E}_i:$ initial energy, in joules (J)

$\vec{E}_f:$ final energy, in joules (J)

**Kinetic Energy**

$KE = \frac{1}{2}mv^2$

$KE:$ kinetic energy, in joules (J)

$m:$ mass, in kilograms (kg)

$v:$ speed, in meters per second (m/s)

**Potential Energy**

$PE = mgh$

$PE:$ potential energy, in joules (J)

$g:$ acceleration due to gravity, in meters per second squared (m/s^{2})

$h:$ height, in meters (m)

- IntroductionIntroduction to elastic and inelastic collisionsa)Meaning of elastic and inelastic collisionsb)What happens to kinetic energy in a collision?c)Understanding perfectly inelastic collisions
- 1.
**Solving word problems with momentum and elastic/inelastic collisions**a)Two cars collide head-on and stick together. The cars are stationary after colliding.

- Is total momentum conserved?
- Is total energy conserved?
- Is the collision elastic or inelastic?

b)Identify each situation as an inelastic or elastic collision.

- One car crashes into another, bouncing apart with a loud bang.
- A hammer strikes a piece of steel, bouncing off and producing sparks.
- A He atom collides with a H atom, bouncing off and maintaining overall kinetic energy.

- 2.$\bold{\sum\vec{E}_i = \sum\vec{E}_f}$ $\bold{ ; }$ $\bold{\sum\vec{p}_i = \sum\vec{p}_f:}$
**Conservation of energy and momentum in elastic and inelastic collisions**a)3.6×10^{4}kg train car A travelling at 5.40 m/s [E] collides with stationary 5.20×10^{4}kg train car B. The train cars bounce apart, and after the collision, train car A travels at 1.70 m/s [E]. Determine if this collision is elastic or inelastic.b)0.50 kg steel ball A travelling [E] with a kinetic energy of 0.49 J collides with stationary 0.75 kg steel ball B head-on. After the collision, ball A travels at 0.28 m/s [W]. Assuming the collision is elastic, find the velocity of ball B after the collision.c)A "ballistic pendulum" is a method used to measure the velocity of a bullet. A 5.60 g bullet is fired at a 1.24 kg wooden block suspended as shown in the diagram, and the block rises to 0.250 m higher than its initial position at the peak of its swing.- Find the velocity of the bullet when it hits the block.
- Calculate how much of the kinetic energy is lost in this inelastic collision. Explain what happens to this energy.