In this section, we will learn about scalars, and how we use them to multiplying a matrix. A scalar is a real number that can be multiplied to a matrix. To do this, we take the scalar and multiply it to each entry in the matrix. We will look at a few questions which scalar multiplication, and then we will look at matrix equations with repeated addition and subtraction. These matrix equations can be simplified with a scalar. Lastly, we will learn how to solve matrix equations with variables which deals with scalar multiplication.