Goods and services, and factors of production

Goods and services, and factors of production

Lessons

Goods and Services


Goods are physical objects like cars and computers

Services are duties performed for people such as car repairs, and computer repairs.

Factors of Production

For goods and services to be produced, we need resources. These resources are called factors of production.

Factors of production has 4 categories:

  1. Land: An area that is used to produce goods and services
  2. Labor: Work time and effect that people commit
  3. Capital: Tools, buildings, machines that businesses use
  4. Entrepreneurship: Human resource that organizes land, labor, and capital. They come up with new plans on how to produce more, and what choices the business needs to make.

Self-Interest vs Social Interest


A choice is in your self-interest if that is the best option available for you.

A choice is in the social interest if the choice is the best for society.


Social interest has two variables to consider:
  1. Efficiency: is achieved when the resources used to produce goods and services at the lowest cost possible and gives the best possible value
  2. Equity (fairness)

Examples of self-interest vs social interest:
  1. Globalization
  2. Climate Change
  • Introduction
    Goods and Services, and Factors of Production Overview:
    a)
    Definition of Goods and Services
    • Goods
    • Services

    b)
    Factors of Production
    • Land
    • Labor
    • Capital
    • Entrepreneurship

    c)
    Self-Interest vs Social interest
    • Self-interest: the best choice for you
    • Social interest: the best choice for society
    • Efficiency
    • Can self-interest promote social interest?


  • 1.
    Understanding Goods and Services
    Which of the following is not a good?
    a)
    Computer parts

    b)
    A luxury car

    c)
    A watch

    d)
    Eye examination


  • 2.
    Which of the following is not a good?
    a)
    A business consultant

    b)
    Tutoring

    c)
    Equipment

    d)
    Computer repairs


  • 3.
    Understanding Factors of Production
    Which of the following is not one of the categories for factors of production?
    a)
    Land

    b)
    Capital

    c)
    Revenue

    d)
    Entrepreneurship


  • 4.
    Understanding Self-Interest and Social Interest
    List a self-interest in climate change that does not promote social interest.

  • 5.
    The technological change during the past 40 years is known as the Information Revolution. List a self-interest in Information Revolution and decide whether the Information Revolution best serves the social interest.