If $\lim$

_{n →$\infty$}$a$

_{$n$}$\neq$ 0, then the series $\sum a_n$ diverges.

Unlock the power of series analysis with our comprehensive guide to the basic divergence test. Learn to confidently evaluate infinite series and boost your calculus prowess.

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In this lesson, we will learn about the divergence test. The test states that if you take the limit of the general term of the series and it does not equal to 0, then the series diverge. Keep in mind that if you do take the limit and it goes to 0, that does not mean the series is convergent. It only means the test has failed, and you will have to use another method to find the convergence or divergence of the series. It is recommended to use the divergence test if u can obviously see that the limit of the general term goes to infinity. For the first few questions, we will see if the divergence test applies to the series. For the last question, we will see if the series is convergent or divergent by using the test.

Note *The divergence test states the following:

If $\lim$_{n →$\infty$} $a$_{$n$} $\neq$ 0, then the series $\sum a_n$ diverges.

If $\lim$

The divergence test is a crucial tool in the study of series and convergence. This fundamental concept is introduced in our comprehensive video, which serves as an essential starting point for understanding the test's principles and applications. The divergence test is primarily used to determine if a series diverges, providing valuable insights into the behavior of infinite sums. By examining the limit of the general term in a series, we can often conclude whether the series diverges without needing to evaluate the entire sum. This test is particularly useful when dealing with complex series where other methods may be challenging to apply. While the divergence test cannot prove convergence, it is an invaluable first step in analyzing series behavior. Mastering this test equips students with a powerful technique for tackling more advanced problems in calculus and mathematical analysis.

Here are some frequently asked questions about the divergence test:

The divergence test is a method used to determine if an infinite series diverges. It measures the limit of the general term of the series as n approaches infinity. If this limit is not zero, the test concludes that the series diverges.

The divergence test states that if the limit of the nth term of a series as n approaches infinity is not zero (or does not exist), then the series diverges. Mathematically, if lim(n) a_n 0 or does not exist, then Σa_n diverges.

The divergence test should be used as an initial step when analyzing a series. It's particularly useful when you suspect a series might diverge. However, remember that while it can prove divergence, it cannot prove convergence.

The main limitation of the divergence test is that it cannot prove convergence. If the limit of the nth term is zero, the test is inconclusive, and you'll need to use other methods to determine if the series converges or diverges.

To apply the divergence test, follow these steps: 1) Identify the general term of the series, 2) Find the limit of this term as n approaches infinity, 3) If the limit is not zero or doesn't exist, conclude that the series diverges. If the limit is zero, the test is inconclusive.

To fully grasp the concept of the divergence test in calculus, it's crucial to have a solid foundation in several prerequisite topics. One of the most fundamental concepts is convergence and divergence of normal infinite series. This topic provides the groundwork for understanding how series behave as they extend infinitely, which is essential when applying the divergence test.

Building on this, familiarity with the convergence and divergence of geometric series is particularly important. Geometric series serve as excellent examples for illustrating the principles of convergence and divergence, and they often appear in problems related to the divergence test.

A classic example that students should be well-versed in is the divergence of harmonic series. This series is a prime illustration of how a series can diverge even when its terms approach zero, making it a valuable reference point when studying the divergence test.

While the divergence test is used to prove that a series diverges, it's beneficial to understand other convergence tests as well. The alternating series test provides insight into a specific type of series behavior, which can be contrasted with the scenarios where the divergence test is applicable.

Similarly, the integral test offers another method for determining series convergence or divergence. Understanding this test can help students appreciate the unique role and limitations of the divergence test within the broader context of series analysis.

Two other important tests that complement the divergence test are the ratio test and the root test. These tests provide alternative approaches to series analysis and can be particularly useful when the divergence test is inconclusive.

By thoroughly understanding these prerequisite topics, students will be better equipped to apply the divergence test correctly and interpret its results. The divergence test itself is a powerful tool for proving that a series diverges, but it's most effective when used in conjunction with a comprehensive understanding of series behavior and other convergence tests. This holistic approach allows for a more nuanced and accurate analysis of infinite series, a critical skill in advanced calculus and mathematical analysis.