Integral test - Sequence and Series

Integral test

In this section, we will learn about another test called the Integral test. The idea is to take the general term as a function in terms of x, and then integrate it. You can only use this test if the function is positively decreasing. If the integral gives a finite value, then the series is convergent. If the integral diverges to infinity, then the series is also divergent. We will first do some questions that require you to use the integral test instead of p-series test. Then we will use the integral test on a complicated series to see if it converges or diverges.


Note *The integral test states the following:
If f(x)=anf(x)=a_n and f(x)f(x) is a continuous, positive decreasing function from [i,][i,\infty], then we can say that:
1. If if(x)dx\int_{i}^{\infty}f(x)dx is convergent, then the series n=ian\sum_{n=i}^{\infty}a_n is also convergent.
2. If if(x)dx\int_{i}^{\infty}f(x)dx is divergent, then the series n=ian\sum_{n=i}^{\infty}a_n is also divergent.
  • 2.
    P Series versus Integral test
    Use the integral test instead of the p-series test to show that the series converge or diverge.
  • 3.
    Convergence/Divergence of Integral Test
    Determine whether the following series converge or diverge using the integral test.
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Integral test

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