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Arc length and surface area of parametric equations - Parametric Equations and Polar Coordinates

Arc length and surface area of parametric equations

In this lesson, we will learn how to find the arc length and surface area of parametric equations. To find the arc length, we have to integrate the square root of the sums of the squares of the derivatives. For surface area, it is actually very similar. If it is rotated around the x-axis, then all you have to do is add a few extra terms to the integral. Note that integrating these are very hard, and would require tons of trigonometric identity substitutions to make it simpler. We will first apply these formulas to some of the questions below. Then we will look at a case where using these formulas will give us much more simplified formulas in finding the arc length and surface areas of circles and spheres.

Lessons

Notes:
Let the curve be defined by the parametric equations x=f(t)x=f(t), y=g(t)y=g(t) and let the value of tt be increasing from α\alpha to β\beta. Then we say that the formula for the length of the curve is:
L=αβ(dxdt)2+(dydt)2dtL=\int_{\alpha}^{\beta}\sqrt{(\frac{dx}{dt})^2+(\frac{dy}{dt})^2}dt

The formula to find the surface area is very similar.

If the curve is rotating around the xx-axis, where f,gf', g' are continuous and g(t)0g(t) \geq 0, then the formula for the surface area of the curve is
SA=αβ2πy(dxdt)2+(dydt)2dtSA=\int_{\alpha}^{\beta} 2\pi y\sqrt{(\frac{dx}{dt})^2+(\frac{dy}{dt})^2}dt
  • 1.
    Overview:
  • 2.
    The Length of a Curve
    Find the length of each of the given parametric equations:
  • 3.
    The Surface Area of a Curve rotating about the x-axis
    Find the surface area for each of the given parametric equations by rotating about the xx-axis:
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Arc length and surface area of parametric equations

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