# Force on electric charge moving in a magnetic field

##### Intros

###### Lessons

##### Examples

###### Lessons

- The path of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field is circular when the initial velocity is perpendicular to the field.

Which of the following are a valid expression for the radius of this orbit in terms of the magnetic field strength, and the particle's momentum and charge?- $Bqp$
- $\frac{Bp}{q}$
- $\frac{Bq}{p}$
- $\frac{p}{Bq}$

- A beam made up of ions of various charges and masses enters a uniform magnetic field as shown.

One type of ion is observed to follow path 2. Which path describes the one taken by an oppositely charged ion with twice the mass and twice the charge? (Assume all ions have the same speed.)- Path 1
- Path 3
- Path 4
- Path 5

- One method for determining masses of heavy ions involves timing their orbital period in a known magnetic field.

What is the mass of a single ion that makes 7.0 revolutions in 1.3 × 10^{-3}$s$ in a 4.5 × 10^{-2}$T$ filed? - A positively charged object ($q$ =1.6 ×10
^{-19}$C$) is traveling at 1.9 × 10^{4}m/s perpendicular to a 1.0 × 10^{-3}$T$ magnetic field. If the radius of the resulting oath is 0.40m, what is the object's mass?- 3.4 × 10
^{-27}kg - 3.1 × 10
^{-19}kg - 2.1 × 10
^{-9}kg - 0.77kg

- 3.4 × 10

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###### Topic Notes

In this lesson, we will learn:

- Magnitude and direction of an electromagnetic force exerted on moving charge in a magnetic field.
- The radius of the circular motion of a moving charged particle.

__Notes:__- A current-carrying wire experience a force when is placed in a magnetic field, similarly, freely moving charged particles would also experience a force when passing through a magnetic field.
- The magnitude of the electromagnetic force exerted on moving charge in a magnetic field is calculated using the following equation:
$F = qvB \sin \theta$

$q$ = quantity of charge

$v$ = velocity of moving charge

$B$ = magnetic field

$\theta$ = the angle between $\overrightarrow{B}$ and $\overrightarrow{v}$

- The force is greatest when the angle between $\overrightarrow{B}$ and $\overrightarrow{v}$ is 90°, $\qquad F_{max} = qvB$
- The force is zero if the particle moves parallel to the field lines and the angle between $\overrightarrow{B}$ and $\overrightarrow{v}$ is 0°
- The direction of the force is perpendicular to the magnetic field $\overrightarrow{B}$ and to the velocity $\overrightarrow{v}$ of the particle.
- The direction of the force is found using the right-hand rule, fingers point along the direction of the particle’s velocity and bend your fingers towards the of $\overrightarrow{B}$. Then your thumb will point in the direction of the force. This is true only for
*positively*charged particles, for*negatively*charged particles, the force is in exactly the opposite direction.

- The force exerted by a uniform magnetic field on a moving charged particle, produces a circular path.

**“The diagram below represents the direction of the force exerted on an electron”**

- The particle would move in a circular path with constant centripetal acceleration if the force is always perpendicular to its velocity, $a = \frac{v^{2}}{r}$
- The force is greatest when the angle between $\overrightarrow{B}$ and $\overrightarrow{v}$ is 90°, $\qquad F_{max} = qvB$

Since $\overrightarrow{F}$ is perpendicular to $\overrightarrow{v}$, the magnitude of $\overrightarrow{v}$ does not change. From this equation, we see that if $\overrightarrow{B}$ = constant, then $r$ = constant, and the curve must be a circle.

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