# Resource efficiency #### Everything You Need in One Place

Homework problems? Exam preparation? Trying to grasp a concept or just brushing up the basics? Our extensive help & practice library have got you covered. #### Learn and Practice With Ease

Our proven video lessons ease you through problems quickly, and you get tonnes of friendly practice on questions that trip students up on tests and finals. #### Instant and Unlimited Help

Our personalized learning platform enables you to instantly find the exact walkthrough to your specific type of question. Activate unlimited help now!

0/3
##### Intros
###### Lessons
1. Resource Efficiency Overview:
2. PPF and Marginal Cost
• Allocative Efficiency
• Defining Marginal Cost
• Creating the Marginal Cost Curve
3. Marginal Benefit
• Willingness to Pay
• Cannot be derived from PPF
4. Finding the Allocative Efficiency
• MB = MC
• An example of Finding Allocative Efficiency
0/4
##### Examples
###### Lessons
1. Finding the Marginal Cost Curve
Using the table given, find the PPF and graph the marginal cost curve of food.
 Food Drinks 6 0 4 4 2 7 0 9

1. Using the following information given, graph the PPF and graph the marginal cost curve of bananas
 Pops (per day) Bananas (per day) 18 0 15 2 11 4 6 6 0 8

1. Graphing the Marginal Benefit Curve
Using the following information given, graph the marginal benefit curve.
 Chocolate Willingness to Pay 0 12 1 10 2 8 3 6 4 4

1. Finding the Allocative Efficiency
Find the allocative efficiency of fruits when given the following information
 Candy Fruits 0 4 2 3 5 2 8 1 12 0

 Fruits Willingness to Pay 0 12 1 10 2 8 3 6 4 4

###### Topic Notes

In this section, we will learn how to pick the best choice in the PPF.

PPF and Marginal Cost

Recall that a point is production efficient when it is on the PPF. However, which point on the PPF is the best choice? We need to see which point gives the greatest benefit.

Allocative efficiency is gained when the goods and services are produced at the lowest cost and gives the greatest benefit. In other words, a choice at allocative efficiency is the best option.

Marginal Cost: the opportunity cost of producing one additional unit. This can be calculated by finding the slope of two near points along the PPF.

Recall the slope formula to be:

m = $\large \frac{y_{2} \, - \, y_{1}}{x_{2} \, - \, x_{1}}$

By calculating all slopes between two points along PPF, we can use those slopes to create a marginal cost curve.

Marginal Benefit: is the benefit received from consuming one more unit of it. Benefits are subjective and depends on people’s preferences.

Note: Marginal Benefits cannot be derived from the PPF and is usually given in the question.

Finding the Allocative Efficiency

When MB > MC, then the benefit of an additional unit is higher than the cost of an additional unit. So, you would want the additional unit because the marginal net benefit is positive.

When MB < MC, then the benefit of an additional unit is less than the cost of an additional unit. So, you would not want the additional unit because the marginal net benefit is negative.

Therefore, the allocative efficiency exists when MB = MC. This is because you don’t gain anything from the additional unit, so there is no point.