Introduction to solution chemistry and solubility

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  1. Solution Chemistry: Introduction
  2. Key definitions in solution chemistry.
  3. Why are solutions important in chemistry?
  4. Solubility – Introduction.
  5. Saturated and unsaturated solutions.
  1. Recall the key definitions of solution chemistry.
    1. Label the diagram below with the terms solvent, solute, and solution.
      chem11-8-1 Ex1a solution, solvent, solute
    2. Label the diagrams below with the terms soluble and insoluble.
      chem11-8-1 Ex1b soluble, insoluble
  2. Recall how chemists measure solubility of chemical substances.
    What factors need to be mentioned when chemists quote or report a chemical's solubility?
    1. Recall the difference between a saturated and unsaturated solution.
      A student has two glasses of a salt solution, A and B, completely dissolved in water. One of them is saturated and the other is unsaturated.
      1. Using only solid salt, how could the student find out which (A or B) is the saturated solution?
      2. Draw a diagram to show a saturated solution when an excessive amount of solute has been added.