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Get Started Now- Intro Lesson: a13:56
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Normally we say that $r(t)$ is a vector function, but we can also apply this to Physics and call this the position function.

Recall from Calculus 1 that taking the derivative of a position function gives the velocity function. In other words,

$r'(t) = v(t)$

Also recall that taking the derivative of the velocity function gives acceleration. Therefore:

$v'(t) = a(t) = r''(t)$

Acceleration is made of two components: tangential and normal. The tangential component is the component that is tangent to the curve, and the normal component is the component orthogonal (or perpendicular) to the curve. Putting this into an equation gives us:

$a = a_tT+ a_nN$

Where:$a_T \to$ tangential component

$a_N \to$ normal component

$T \to$ vector function tangent to the curve r(t)

$N \to$ vector function normal (orthogonal) to the curve $r(t)$ To compute $a_T$ and $a_n$, we use the following formulas:

$a_T = \frac{r'(t) \cdot r''(t)}{||r'(t)||}$

$a_N = \frac{||r'(t) \times r''(t)||}{||r'(t)||}$

- Introduction
**Tangential & Normal Components of Acceleration Overview:**a)__Position, Velocity & Acceleration__- $r(t) \to$ position vector function
- $r'(t) \to$ velocity vector function $v(t)$
- $r''(t) \to$ acceleration vector function $a(t)$
- An example of finding the acceleration function

b)__Tangential & Normal Components of Acceleration__- Two components: Tangential $a_T$ & Normal $a_N$
- $a_T = \frac{r'(t) \cdot r''(t)}{||r'(t)||}$
- $a_N = \frac{||r'(t) \times r''(t)||}{||r'(t)||}$
- Can calculate acceleration using $a=a_TT+a_NN$
- An example of finding $a_T$ & $a_N$

- 1.
**Finding the Position Vector Function**

Suppose an object's acceleration is given by $a(t)=3t i+t^2j+e^{2t}k$. The objects initial velocity is $v(0)=i+k$ and the object's initial position is $r(0)=i-j+k$. Determine the object's velocity and position functions. - 2.Suppose an object's acceleration is given by $a(t)= \cos 3t i+ \sin 2tj+ 4t^2k$. The objects initial velocity is $v(0)=i+j+2k$ and the object's initial position is $r(0)=-i+2j+3k$. Determine the object's velocity and position functions.
- 3.
**Finding the Tangent & Normal Components**

Determine the tangential and normal components of acceleration for the object whose position is given by $r(t)= \lt t, 2+3t, 2t^{\frac{3}{2}} \gt$ - 4.Determine the tangential and normal components of acceleration for the object whose position is given by $r(t)= \lt \cos 2t, \sin 2t, t\gt$