Introduction to probability

Introduction to probability

In this section, we practice finding the probability of events. Probability is the likelihood or chance of an event occurring. We will practice expressing probabilities as ratios, fractions, decimals, and percents. Probability can be calculated using the following equation: Probability=Favourable outcomesPossible outcomesProbability=\frac{Favourable\ outcomes}{ Possible\ outcomes}. P(blue) is a short way to write "the probability of blue".

Lessons

  • 1.
    Below is a probability model showing the weathers in fall in City A.

    Weather

    Probability

    Rain

    0.35

    Snow

    0.08

    Sunny

    0.16

    Cloudy

    0.41


    a)
    What is P(snow)? Write your answer as a fraction, a ratio and a percent.

    b)
    Is it more likely to be sunny than cloudy in fall in City A?

    c)
    Is this a valid probability model? Explain your answer.


  • 2.
    Each student in a class of 30 writes his or her name on a slip of paper. These slips of paper are folded and put in a jar. Half of these slips are blue and half are yellow.
    a)
    What is the probability that a blue slip will be picked? Write your answer as a fraction, a decimal, a ratio, and a percent.

    b)
    Rob, Jennie and Alice are in this class. What is the probability that one of these students’ names will be picked? Write your answer as a fraction, a decimal, a ratio, and a percent.


  • 3.
    Jen and her friend spin the wheel to decide what fun activity they will do this afternoon.
    Introduction to probability
    a)
    What is the probability that the spin will land on movie or swimming? Write your answer as a percent and decimal.

    b)
    What is the probability that the spin will not land on dancing or shopping? Write your answer as a percent and fraction.

    c)
    If they spin the wheel twice, what is the probability that the spin will land on soccer and frisbee? Write your answer as a percent and fraction.