# Finding limits algebraically - when direct substitution is not possible

##### Examples
###### Lessons
1. Simplify Out "Zero Denominator" by Cancelling Common Factors

Find $\lim_{x \to 3} \;\frac{{{x^2} - 9}}{{x - 3}}$

1. Expand First, Then Simplify Out "Zero Denominator" by Cancelling Common Factors

Evaluate $\lim_{h \to 0} \;\frac{{{{\left( {5 + h} \right)}^2} - 25}}{h}$

1. Simplify Out "Zero Denominator" by Rationalizing Radicals

Evaluate:

1. $\lim_{x \to 4} \;\frac{{4 - x}}{{2 - \sqrt x }}$
(hint: rationalize the denominator by multiplying its conjugate)
2. Find Limits of Functions involving Absolute Value

Evaluate $\lim_{x \to 0} \;\frac{{\left| x \right|}}{x}$

(hint: express the absolute value function as a piece-wise function)

1. Find Limits Using the Trigonometric Identity:$\lim_{\theta \to 0} \;\frac{{{sin\;}\theta}}{{\theta}}=1$

Find $\lim_{x \to 0} \;\frac{{{sin\;}5x}}{{2x}}$

###### Topic Notes
There are times when applying direct substitution would only give us an undefined solution. In this section, we will explore some cool tricks to evaluate limits algebraically, such as using conjugates, trigonometry, common denominators, and factoring.